In his book “God The Evidence,” author Patrick Glynn poses an argument introduced by ISKCON’s Sadaputa dasa more than a quarter of century ago. There is a “random” theory of how the universe and its life came into existence. That new-Darwinian theory is based on chance. Roughly it goes like this: if an infinite number of monkeys could be taught to type and they were allowed to type for billions of years (and they were allowed to live that long) they would eventually produce the complete works of William Shakespeare. Sadaputa prabhu, a mathematician with a Ph.D. from Cornell University, says that this defies probability theory and is mathematically impossible. Glynn says that “mathematically, the probability…is not some very, very small number; it is zero. Randomness does not engender order on any appreciable scale, no matter how many billions of years or opportunities you give it. And the works of Shakespeare, though complex enough, are small potatoes next to the universe.” Regardless, biological texts worldwide, generally refer to randomness as the cause for the existence of today’s complex universe and its varieties of life.

The ‘Random’ Universe